The British Museum (British Museum) is a museum of the city of London, UK. Its collections cover various fields of human knowledge, such as history, archeology, ethnography and art.
The museum was one of the first institutions of its kind in Europe. Custody more than seven million objects from all continents, many of which are stored for study and restoration, or stored for lack of space to display them. It also has the largest reading room of the British Library, a library that although now has its own headquarters, until 1973 also part of the museum, like the Natural History Museum, which moved to its own headquarters in the year 1963.
The section of Old Egypt is the most important in the world after the Egyptian Museum. Admission to the museum and many of the services offered, such as the read-room, are free and free, except for some temporary exhibitions.
The museum officially opened to the public on January 15, 1759, in the Montagu mansion, but when it outgrew began, en1852 and in the same location, the construction of a new neo-classical building, designed by Robert Smirke. The construction of the new museum, which has reached our days, ended in 1857 with the construction of the circular room study. In its main facade, in the fronton, he settled in 1852 a sculpture built by the British sculptor Richard Westmacott.